Pioneer of the downsized turbo in the sports car industry

*This is a translation done by a machine.

The first-generation FAIRLADY Z (S30) was an unprecedented hit for a sports-type model, with 550,000 units sold worldwide, and the second-generation Z (S130), which followed in the footsteps of this popular model in 1978, was a gorgeous evolution of the first generation.

While retaining the looks of the S30, the body size has grown a bit larger, the interior and exterior are more luxurious, and the performance has been improved. The 2.8-liter engine, sashless doors, center pillar structure, rear semitrail suspension, and all-wheel disc brakes are just a few of the new features that show the enthusiasm of the development team.

The export name of the car was Datsun 280ZX. This evolution seems to have been especially welcomed in the American market, as it won the "Import Car of the Year" award in an award race sponsored by a famous U.S. magazine in 1978. The following year, Nissan released a limited edition model for the North American market to commemorate the award. The following year, Nissan released a limited edition car for the North American market to commemorate the award, and it was the model that adopted the "Manhattan Color," the symbol of the S130Z that has been handed down to future generations.

The Manhattan Color is a bold two-tone color that uses a black body color as the base color and paints it silver from the hood to the top of the doors. This special limited edition color was a big hit, and was later adopted in Japan as an optional color for the standard model (T-bar roof version).

When minor changes were made in 1981, various equipment and specifications were upgraded, and the design of the bumper and rear lights was changed to further enhance the luxurious tourer atmosphere.

In 1982, a new page was added to the history of the FAIRLADY Z. This was the long-sought turbocharged engine. The 280ZX Turbo debuted in 1981 as the North American version, with a maximum output of 180ps. Japanese Z fans had high expectations for the introduction of this engine, but at the time, the Ministry of Transportation was very restrictive in its approval of high-performance domestically produced cars, and the approval process was extremely sensitive. Unfortunately, approval for the 2.8-liter turbocharged engine was not granted, so Nissan's development team convinced the Ministry of Transport by attaching a turbocharger to the 2-liter engine, a "downsizing" solution as it is called today.

The L-type 2-liter turbo engine was installed in the Cedric Gloria. Since it was the first turbocharged Japanese car, Nissan must have wanted to put it in the Fairlady Z, a sports car, to make a big appeal. However, it is said that the Ministry of Transportation, in order not to provoke the public, implicitly forced Nissan to install the turbo engine in the luxury car Cedric Gloria first.

After this, the Japanese sports car industry entered an era of high power competition with turbocharged engines (although for a while there were some incomprehensible rules such as the 280ps voluntary regulation!).

Jun Nishikawa's Highlights!

It is the last model of S130 since it is said to be '83. 2+2 (By-Two) of Fairlady Z Turbo which was added in '82, not black body and silver hood, but silver body and black hood, so called "Reverse Manhattan Color" is very attractive.

The mileage is well over 130,000 kilometers, but to our surprise, the interior and exterior remain in basically original condition, which is very valuable. The choice of a manual gearbox without a T-bar roof shows the first owner's commitment to the car.

The current owner is a Fairlady enthusiast who owns several SR Fairlady and S30 Fairlady Zs and actively enjoys circuit driving, and when he was introduced to this car, which had been driven for 39 years by the previous owner, by a car dealer who knows Zs, he made the decision to buy it without hesitation. After purchasing the car, the faded hood and roof were repaired. He replaced the steering wheel and driver's seat with his favorite brand.

The interior is in reasonable condition due to the distance, but it is more tasteful and more enjoyable preservation than a shiny fully restored car. There are a few spots where dirt is a concern, such as the center console, but the owner who inherits the car can fix those areas of concern themselves. Incidentally, the seats are sold back to stock, and there is also a genuine steering wheel, but this one was not originally installed, but was purchased later by the current owner. There is no audio system.

Tires have been replaced for a year. The rear gate damper has also been replaced, although it is a reproduction. The leakage of the rear gate is the weak point of Z in these days, but it has been improved considerably. Still, it seems that it is not completely cured yet. The rear carpet has been removed due to the leak.

Other than that, the only other concerns I have at this point are the side brake being lax and the boost meter being broken. The air conditioner works well and the car is running well with high speed mileage of around 12km/l.

The S30 added a by-two in the middle of the project. The S130, on the other hand, was designed from the beginning with the assumption that it would be a by-two car, so it looks much more refined. Nowadays, it could be advertised as a shooting break. Considering the size ratio between the body and cabin, it is more balanced than a two-seater. Considering the nature of the S130Z as a luxury grand tourer, the bi-Two is more suitable for its character.

Vehicle Specifications

Model Year1983
Year of PurchaseAug 1983
Engine Capacity1,998cc
Steering WheelRight
ColorBlack × Silver
Chassis No.
Engine No.
AreaHyogo, Japan